The US Dollar (USD) was on track on Friday for one of its steepest weekly declines versus other major currencies this year, while the yen strengthened sharply to trade below 150 per dollar as concerns grow about the weakening global economic outlook. Cooler-than-expected U.S. inflation data on Tuesday and Wednesday reset market expectations for how soon the Federal Reserve will cut rates and weighed on the dollar. The greenback is poised for its biggest weekly drop since July, down 1.6% over the past five days, and second-biggest decline this year. Data that showed U.S. single-family homebuilding increased marginally in October briefly supported the dollar, but with inflation the main market driver it remained lower on the day. “The spate of recent data points towards progress being made on the inflation front,” said Bipan Rai, North America head of FX strategy at CIBC Capital Markets in Toronto. “It really feels like the initial momentum now is for the dollar to move lower.” The dollar index , which measures the greenback against six other major currencies, fell 0.23%. “Everything is pointing towards a fourth quarter slowdown in the United States,” said Thierry Wizman, global FX and interest rate strategist at Macquarie in New York, adding that a key signal would be corporations guiding growth expectations lower. “They’re not seeing the pricing power they saw in Q3 and they’re not seeing the kind of enthusiasm on the part of customers that they were seeing in Q3 either,” Wizman said. The euro was up 0.17% at $1.0868 after Eurostat data confirmed year-on-year inflation in the euro zone slowed sharply in October. The yen – which has been punished broadly by dollar strength – broke the 150 mark for the first time in nearly two weeks, strengthening 0.75% to 149.61 to the dollar, which has lost about 1.4% versus the Japanese currency since Monday. Lee Hardman, currency analyst at MUFG, said the yen’s strength reflected the fact that “contracting growth concerns are rising” globally, adding that Japanese terms of trade were less impacted by falling energy prices. Weaker-than-expected retail sales figures in Britain added to a slew of negative readings this week, but sterling nudged higher to $1.2418, up 0.10% on the day. Sluggish data globally has raised concerns about economic prospects, but also suggests central banks may be winning in their fight against soaring prices. Futures markets are pricing 93 basis points (bps) of cuts in the Fed’s overnight lending rate by December 2024, market bets that have contributed to dollar weakness. Money markets have also nearly fully priced 100 bps of rate cuts in the euro zone next year. Nonetheless, European Central Bank (ECB) policymakers Robert Holzmann and Joachim Nagel said on Friday the bloc must stand ready to raise interest rates again if necessary. ECB President Christine Lagarde said earlier in the day that the EU needs a capital markets union, adding that neither heavily indebted governments nor banks can come up with the money needed to make the bloc more productive and independent.

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